Australia is giving enormous amounts of money to Indonesia of recent times, however, what is it they are doing in return ?

According to AusAid:

Indonesia is one of Australia’s closest neighbours and continues to face increasingly complex development challenges. Like other developing countries, Indonesia has had recent success achieving economic growth but is still afflicted by poverty. An Indonesian woman is 30 times more likely to die in childbirth than an Australian woman and one in three children under the age of five suffer from stunting, caused by malnutrition. About 120 million Indonesians do not have access to safe drinking water while about 110 million do not have adequate sanitation.  More than 120 million Indonesian s live on less than $2 per day. Indonesia remains vulnerable to shocks, like a natural disaster or an economic downturn, that could have devastating effects. Much more work needs to be done to open up opportunities for the poor, ensure all children receive a basic education, drive health care reform and create key infrastructure.

Australia and Indonesia have an effective development partnership that is improving health and education outcomes, boosting economic growth, providing support to protect the poor and vulnerable and strengthening democracy, justice and governance. Maintaining and growing this partnership remains a high priority for Australia. Owing to Indonesia’s size and proximity to Australia, increased prosperity, stability and growth in Indonesia are in the interests of both our nations as well as the broader region.  The close partnership between the two countries guided the development of the Australia Indonesia Partnership Country Strategy 2008–13, which plans for the future by consolidating past achievements and looking at lessons learned.

The Country Strategy, a comprehensive plan of Australia’s support for Indonesia, follows the $1 billion Australia Indonesia Partnership for Reconstruction and Development program (AIPRD), which articulated Australia’s long-term commitment to Indonesia’s development. The AIPRD funding supported not only tsunami-devastated Aceh, but also large-scale development programs in other parts of Indonesia. As agreed between the Governments of Indonesia and Australia, there will be a single framework for all programs under the Australia Indonesia Partnership. The goal of Australia’s partnership with Indonesia is to work towards achieving sustainable poverty alleviation by contributing to development outcomes outlined in Indonesia’s Medium Term Development Plan (Rencana Pembangunan Jangka Menengah—RPJM) 1.

http://www.ausaid.gov.au/countries/eastasia/indonesia/Pages/why-aid.aspx

The Indonesian nation restored relations with the People’s Republic of China in 1990 following a freeze in place since anti-communist purges early in the Suharto era. Indonesia has been a member of the United Nations since 1950, and was a founder of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) and the Organisation of the Islamic Conference (OIC, now the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation). Indonesia is signatory to the ASEAN Free Trade Area agreement, the Cairns Group, and the WTO, and has historically been a member of OPEC, although it withdrew in 2008 as it was no longer a net exporter of oil.  Indonesia has received humanitarian and development aid since 1966, in particular from the United States, western Europe, Australia, and Japan.

Indonesia has a mixed economy in which both the private sector and government play significant roles.  The country is the largest economy in Southeast Asia and a member of the G-20 major economies. Indonesia’s estimated gross domestic product (nominal), as of 2010 was US$706.73 billion with estimated nominal per capita GDP was US$3,015, and per capita GDP PPP was US$4,394 (international dollars). June 2011: At World Economic Forum on East Asia, Indonesian president said Indonesia will be in the top ten countries with the strongest economy within the next decade. The Gross domestic product (GDP) is about $1 trillion and the debt ratio to the GDP is 26%. The industry sector is the economy’s largest and accounts for 46.4% of GDP (2010), this is followed by services (37.1%) and agriculture (16.5%). However, since 2010, the service sector has employed more people than other sectors, accounting for 48.9% of the total labour force, this has been followed by agriculture (38.3%) and industry (12.8%).Agriculture, however, had been the country’s largest employer for centuries. According to World Trade Organization data, Indonesia was the 27th biggest exporting country in the world in 2010, moving up three places from a year before.  Indonesia’s main export markets (2009) are Japan (17.28%), Singapore (11.29%), the United States (10.81%), and China (7.62%). The major suppliers of imports to Indonesia are Singapore (24.96%), China (12.52%), and Japan (8.92%). In 2005, Indonesia ran a trade surplus with export revenues of US$83.64 billion and import expenditure of US$62.02 billion. The country has extensive natural resources, including crude oil, natural gas, tin, copper, and gold. Indonesia’s major imports include machinery and equipment, chemicals, fuels, and foodstuffs. And the country’s major export commodities include oil and gas, electrical appliances, plywood, rubber, and textiles.

Indonesia and Australia is claimed to have a healthy trade and economic relationship with two-way trade (merchandise and services) worth $13.8 billion in 2010-11, and two-way investment worth around $5.7 billion in 2010.
http://www.dfat.gov.au/geo/indonesia/indonesia_brief.html

Since mid-2009 Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR) has supported specialised postgraduate study in Australia by 44 Indonesian scientists and economists, 32 of which were PhD awards.

What is somewhat interesting is that the Gillard Government has supported Indonesian Scientists and Economists postgraduate studies.  The Gillard regime were obviously pushing to spread their message.

Australian exports to Indonesia:          A$5,397 million
Australian imports from Indonesia:    A$5,906 million

NB:  we IMPORT more from Indonesia than we export, we are also not a principal import/export destination regardless of the money the Gillard regime has been throwing at Indonesia.

Indonesia’s principal export destinations:  Japan, China, Singapore

Indonesia’s principal import sources:   China, Singapore, Japan

http://www.austrade.gov.au/Indonesia-profile/default.aspx

Indonesia, South East Asia’s largest economy has significantly lifted its global economic and geopolitical profile posting positive growth in the face of weak economic conditions.

Equipped with lessons from previous financial upheavals, the Indonesian economy has withstood the global financial crisis better than many analysts expected.

Indonesia has considerably outperformed many of its export-oriented peers in the region. Within the region, only China and India have outperformed Indonesia.

Indonesia is outperforming Australia as an economy, and still WE are giving them money, and helping to support them.  This is a Nation laughing at Australia and the USA

The United States has offered Indonesia 24 used F-16 fighter jets.

Indonesia refused the  offer and purchased new jets from South Korea instead. The Indonesian Air Force fleet is a vast configuration produced by the US, Russia, Britain, Brazil, South Korea and so forth. But government policy requires any purchase to be combined with transfer of technology, including maintenance technology, as a package in order to achieve self-reliance.

Indonesia is also seriously considering the purchase of Leopard tanks from The Netherlands.

7 Patrol Boats were transferred from Australia to the Indonesian navy on

Ship Name Origin Hull Numbers Previously Namesake
KRI Sibarau Australia 847 HMAS Bandolier (P 95)
KRI Siliman Australia 848 HMAS Archer (P 86)
KRI Sigalu Australia 857 HMAS Barricade (P 98)
KRI Silea Australia 858 HMAS Acute (P 81)
KRI Siribua Australia 859 HMAS Bombard (P 99)
KRI Sikuda Australia 863 HMAS Attack (P 90)
KRI Sigurot Australia 864 HMAS Assail (P 89)

The Indonesian Navy have:

  • 23 Corvette class ships
  • 7 Frigates
  • 30 Patrol Craft
  • 11 Patrol Craft (PC-40)
  • 7 Sibarau (attack) class
    AcuteArcherAssailAttackBandolierBarricade, and Bombard were transferred to the Indonesian Navy between 1974 and 1985, where they are still in service under new names.
  • In  May 2011, Indonesia had received 19 Patrol Boat from US.

ASYLUM-SEEKERS who called for help in Indonesian waters yesterday will be taken to Christmas Island after an emergency response involving Indonesia’s search and rescue agency, two merchant ships, a Border Protection plane, a navy patrol boat and a Customs vessel.  There were no visible signs of distress when the Australian Border Protection plane flew over the asylum boat, after a person onboard called the Australian Maritime Safety Authority for assistance about 10am AEST.  

The emergency response came as an asylum boat sailed safely to Christmas Island with seven Sri Lankans on board. They were disembarked and taken to detention as navy patrol boat HMAS Childers and the Australian Customs vessel Triton responded to the distress call.

Indonesia have claimed they are happy to provide Australia with assistance through Search and rescue flights by their Hercules aircraft.  Senator Carr said broader maritime cooperation was welcome. “But we can’t dump this problem on Indonesia,” he said.

Indonesia has failed to assist several boats in trouble near its shores in the past month, with observers saying it has neither the ability nor the inclination to save asylum seekers stranded at sea.  Australia has repeatedly been forced to lead rescue missions off Java island, and on Wednesday dispatched rescue ships after a distress call from a rickety vessel stuck in rough seas.
The Australian navy rescued more than 160 people on the boat, which ran into trouble just 63 nautical miles off Java in the same stretch of waters where an estimated 90 people drowned on June 21.  This is Indonesian Waters !  Australia had alerted Indonesia’s National Search and Rescue Agency (Basarnas) about the earlier boat two days before it capsized.  But Basarnas failed to reach the vessel, forcing Australian rescuers to intervene and save the remaining 110 on board. Four died when another vessel capsized barely a week later.  “Indonesia is still reluctant to carry out this kind of rescue operation, so the emergency response is slow,” Bantarto Bandoro from Indonesia’s National Defence University told AFP.  “Unlike Australia, Indonesia seems to have no standard operating procedure, so when something happens at sea, the coordination is all very ad hoc, and the different agencies like to blame each other when something goes wrong.”  Bandoro acknowledged that Indonesian leaders lacked the political will to tackle the issue, as they essentially see the issue as an Australian problem.

“The attitude of Indonesian politicians is they’d prefer to mind their own business. They tend to see asylum-seekers as Australia’s problem.” Basarnas admits it is dismally ill-equipped for the rough Indian Ocean stretch between Indonesia and Australia’s Christmas Island, which is closer to Java than mainland Australia.   “We still lack the equipment and skills to carry out these operations well. Australia has been assisting us in recent years, but we know we need to improve our response,” said Basarnas chief Daryatmo.  He said that Basarnas had only two boats on Java equipped for rough seas, which on Wednesday also slowed down Australian rescue efforts.  Indonesia does little to patrol the southern waters that asylum seekers traverse to reach Australia as the country has “no security threats there,” defence ministry spokesman Hartind Asrin said.  “Our maritime security is focused mainly in the northern part in the Malacca Strait [between Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore] because we have issues with pirates there,” Asrin said.

Asylum seekers mostly from the Middle East and Sri Lanka have for years used Indonesia as a transit hub and board rickety fishing vessels to make the perilous journey, with many drowning along the way.  Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono and Australian Prime Minister Julia Gillard agreed in Darwin in northern Australia this week to boost cooperation in rescue missions.  Indonesia accepted four Hercules aircraft decommissioned by Australia to help the country better monitor its own waters. Canberra gave Indonesia five police boats in 2002 for the same cause.

“The Indonesian search and rescue authorities have neither the capacity nor the inclination to go chasing asylum-seeker boats that have left Indonesia. They’re happy to see the back of them,” Tony Kevin, a former Australian diplomat who has written books on refugee boat disasters, told AFP.   That was the case in the June 21 incident, he said, adding that the disaster was a “result of Australia simply batting the problem to Indonesia.”  “Occasionally we seem to sit on our hands, pass the message to the Indonesian search and rescue authority and say ‘they’re in your search and rescue zone, you handle it,’” he said. “When that happens, people usually die.”

While asylum se0ekers rate little mention in Indonesia’s political discourse, they are an explosive long-standing political issue in Australia that dominated elections in 2001 and again in 2010, which saw a record 6,555 arrivals. Gillard has tried to tout a “regional solution”, but plans for offshore processing centers and a refugee-swap deal with Malaysia have been repeatedly shot down in Australia’s parliament and high court.

When the boat calling for help is within Indonesian waters why is it Australia, decides it is OUR problem bring the asylum seekers to an Australian port,  and then blame Tony Abbott for any loss of life or danger ???

Why do we allow Indonesia to claim they can do nothing about it, that they don’t have the resources, and that they won’t take responsibility for these Asylum Seekers when not only have they been inside Indonesian Territory, in 90% of cases they are departing from Jakarta.  Why is it we give Indonesia $billions for nothing in return, they are a competing Nation economically in the G20, they are a minor trading partner, however, we import more than we export, and we are seeing business in Australia closing down daily.

We need to get rid of the Gillard regime, who are allowing Indonesia to ignore their responsibilities, We need to stop building schools in Indonesia, we need to stop training their scientists and economists and we need to shame them into providing assistance to their own people that AusAid is providing large amounts of assistance to.

Indonesia claims their Navy is caught up with fighting Pirates in the Malacca Strait.  They need to use the Patrol boats we have provided to them to deal with THEIR Asylum seeker problems and stop being facilitators in the influx of boats.